Handloom weaving has its own creative variants. Skilled craftsmen possess unique skills and knowledge of age-old techniques – which helps them create special distinctive weaves – with the same yarns. The world famous heritage Banarasi Sarees from India hold a special place of pride in the saree universe. These gorgeous weaves are a class apart – and have many distinctive qualities, which make them truly special. There are 4 types of Banarasi sarees – these are divided basis the kind of yarns/ bases used as well as the patterns and effects. One of these splendid weaves is the Tanchoi weave.
Tanchoi is woven with single or double warp threads and two to five threads on the weft. Usually, more colorful threads are added to create intricate patterns of flowers, birds, etc. - which resemble embroidery. A distinctive feature of Tanchoi saree is that it has a smooth satin finish. Preferred by the royals at a time, these classic saris are supremely elegant and special.
A symbol of affluence:
Silk is inherently associated with richness and luxury. Tanchoi is often combined with zari threads to weave intricate ethnic and Persian patterns to make extraordinary and affluent saris for formal occasions, wedding functions and festive celebrations. Due to their unique self-embroidery weaving style, a Tanchoi saree woven with golden or silver threads looks much like brocade – but an avid eye can easily discern between the two. Tanchoi sarees usually have floral patterns, vine motifs and such in extremely intricate designs. They are also two-shaded – and their gorgeous fabrics reflect light.
Such drapes in red, maroon and orange hues are ideal for brides. Alternatively, by adding threads of a slightly different shade, weavers make two-tone or ombre sarees. Many of these lighter, gossamer drapes are suitable for your contemporary wardrobe too. Many a Tanchoi is light in texture; the lighter colors can also be somewhat transparent.
While Tanchoi is basically a variant of the heritage weaves and textiles made in Banaras, Uttar Pradesh – similar weaves are also made in parts of Gujarat – specifically Surat. This also explains the fact as to why Tanchois are extremely popular among the Parsi community.
Types of Tanchoi Silk:
This art was brought to India by traders from China. Indian weavers in Banaras adapted this technique to the Indian handlooms and brought about innovations, thus giving rise to four variants of Tanchoi silk. Satin Tachoi, Satin Jari Tanchoi, Atlas or Gilt and Mushabbar are popular variants of the fabric that are made with different combinations of warp and weft over satin or silk base.
Having been made out of pure silk yarns, the sarees should be dry cleaned and kept for drying in the shade, since direct sunlight can damage the protein fibers of the fabric.
A valuable possession:
The satin-like surface combined with the intricacies of ethnic patterns, Tanchoi silk is a rich variant of silk that is popular not just in India but around the globe!