Shibori Work Sarees
Shibori is a Japanese technique of dyeing fabric which involves manipulating the cloth in one or more of several different ways before dipping in the dye. The cloth could be folded, twisted, knotted, secured with thread, wound around a pole, etc. before dying. The word Shibori itself means to embellish or decorate cloth in different ways. In India, Shibori sarees employ this technique of resist dying resulting, in a myriad of unique and beautiful patterns.
Exploring the world of Shibori Sarees
The first known records of the Shibori technique being used date back to 8th century Japan. For most of its early years, right up until the 20th century, the Shibori technique was used only with silk and hemp and later with cotton. Indigo and sometimes madder and purple root were the main dyes used back then. In modern day India however, the Shibori technique is in widespread use to create Shibori Sarees in every fabric and colour combination.
There are different techniques used to craft Shibori sarees. Here, we will take a look at some of them:
Kanoko: In this technique, only a few sections of the cloth are bound and dyed, and a typical pattern is achieved on the Shibori designer sarees.
Miura: This technique involves looping the cloth with a hooked needle and then winding a thread around the loops a couple of times to hold them in place before dying. The result is a water-like pattern.
Kumo: Pleating certain sections of the cloth firmly, the Shibori sarees involving this technique possess a specific spider-like design.
Nui: The cloth is gathered by using a running stitch through the fabric and then pulling tightly, tightening with wooden dowels and knotting the thread before dying. The technique is time-consuming but allows a variety of different patterns.
Arashi: To attain the specific diagonal pattern which is meant to represent the stormy rains of Japan the fabric is first wrapped around a pole at an angle, secured, scrunched and then dyed.
These and other techniques produce a wonderful, wide variety of patterns on Shibori Sarees, combine this with different coloured dyes on fabrics of every colour and the combinations are endless. Surat in Gujarat has become the home of Shibori Sarees in India, and the term Shibori Sarees Surat is also commonly used when referring to this type of saree.
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